Generally, two fusing glass layers are all that are used to make a fused art glass jewelry piece about a quarter of an inch thick (6mm).
The natural tendency of glass is to spread or contract to reach a quarter inch size during the fusing process.
If required there are a number of ways to produce thick glass items in a glass fusing kiln.
Thick slabs can be produced through using a pot melt, pattern bar or by dams set up on a kiln shelf to hold the glass and prevent it spreading.
Dams of one type or another can be used for the above techniques.
It is possible to make thicker fused glass pieces without using the above methods.